Division is a basic arithmetic operation that involves splitting a number into equal parts or groups. It is the inverse operation of multiplication, which means that if we know the product of two numbers, we can find one of the factors by dividing the product by the other factor.
For example, if we have 12 apples and want to divide them equally among 4 people, we would perform the division operation 12 ÷ 4, which equals 3. This means that each person would get 3 apples.
In division, the number being divided is called the dividend, the number that divides the dividend is called the divisor, and the result of the division is called the quotient.
The division operation is represented by the symbol “÷” or “/”, and it can be written in different ways:
- 12 ÷ 4 = 3
- 12 / 4 = 3
- 12 over 4 = 3
- 12 divided by 4 = 3
It is important to note that division by zero is undefined, since it is impossible to split a number into zero equal parts.