A GPA (Grade Point Average) calculator is a tool used to determine a student’s average grade based on a scale of 0 to 4.0. Here are the steps to calculate GPA:
- Determine the point value of each letter grade. Typically, A = 4.0, B = 3.0, C = 2.0, D = 1.0, and F = 0.0. However, some schools use different point systems, so be sure to check with your institution to confirm their grading scale.
- Determine the credit value of each course. This is usually the number of credit hours assigned to the course.
- Multiply the point value of each letter grade by the credit value of the course.
- Add up the total number of points earned for all courses.
- Add up the total number of credit hours for all courses.
- Divide the total number of points by the total number of credit hours to get your GPA.
For example, if you earned an A (4.0 points) in a 3-credit course, a B (3.0 points) in a 4-credit course, and a C (2.0 points) in a 2-credit course, the calculation would be as follows:
(4.0 x 3) + (3.0 x 4) + (2.0 x 2) = 12 + 12 + 4 = 28
3 + 4 + 2 = 9
GPA = 28 ÷ 9 = 3.11 (rounded to two decimal places)